Thursday, 23 May 2019 | 14:15 WIB

Diabetes Has Become a Serious Threat to Global Health

Diabetes Has Become a Serious Threat to Global Health (doctoral)

SINGAPORE, NNC - Non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, have now become a serious threat to global health.

Data quoted from WHO in 2016 showed that 70% of total deaths in the world and more than half the burden of the disease were attributed to diabetes. Moreover, 90-95% of cases of diabetes are type 2 diabetes, which is largely preventable because it is caused by unhealthy lifestyle.

"Indonesia is also facing a situation with the threat of diabetes similar to the world. International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Atlas 2017 reports that the Diabetes epidemic in Indonesia still shows an increasing tendency," said Widyawati, Head of Public Information Bureau at the Indonesia Ministry of Health in a press release NNC received on Tuesday (11/12).

Indonesia is also the sixth ranked country in the world after China, India, the United States, Brazil and Mexico with a number of people aged 20-79 years at around 10.3 million people.

In line with this, Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) shows a significant increase in the prevalence of Diabetes prevalence, from 6.9% in 2013 to 8.5% in 2018. So that the estimated number of sufferers in Indonesia reaches more than 16 million people who are then at risk for other diseases, such as: heart attack, stroke, blindness and kidney failure can even cause paralysis and death.

Diabetes is a problem of global epidemics which if not immediately handled seriously will result in an increase in the impact of significant economic losses, especially for developing countries in the Asia and Africa region.

IDF data also shows that the direct costs of handling Diabetes reach more than US$ 727 billion per year, or around 12% of global health financing. National Health Insurance (JKN) data also shows an increase in the number of cases and financing of Diabetes services in Indonesia from 135,322 cases with financing of IDR700.29 billion in 2014, to 322,820 cases with funding of IDR1.87 trillion in 2017.

The statement was conveyed at the Ministerial Conference on Diabetes (MCOD) on 26-27 November 2018 in Singapore. The MCOD conference successfully agreed on mutual understanding of stakeholders regarding the urgent need to address the growing threat of the Diabetes epidemic.

"Global, regional, and capacity building are needed for each country with a multisectoral approach to prevention and control of diabetes," Widyawati said.