CIANJUR, NNC - Director General of Horticulture at the Ministry of Agriculture, Suwandi paid a visit to the Ornamental Crops Research Institute (BALITHI) of Ministry of Agriculture, in Cipanas and several locations for seed and flower nurseries in Cianjur Regency, West Java, Sunday (9/2/2018).
When visiting the center of cultivation and development of ornamental plants of PT Merlimba Sentra Agrotama in the Cugenang Sub-District of Cianjur District, Suwandi read about the promising business opportunities for chrysanthemums, lilies and orchids flowers. Various types of imported seeds and seedlings such as lily flowers are developed in this region.
The interest generated from the development of these imported seedlings enters the local market, such as Jakarta and Bali, with a relatively high selling price of between IDR100 - 135 thousand per package. Some have been exported even though the amount is still small, around 2.4 tons in 2017, he said.
"Flowers native to Indonesia are no less interesting and have economic value such as the Orchid flowers. Orchid production is around 20 million stems per year. In 2017, exports amounted to 43.3 tons of orchids," he said.
Suwandi added that Indonesia itself is known as the center of the largest genetic diversity of orchids in the world.
One fifth of the world's total orchid germplasm is in Indonesia, with some types of local orchids are already classified as rare as the Kalimantan black orchids and Papuan orchids. “Therefore breeding efforts are very crucial for the preservation of local species," explained Suwandi, Tuesday (9/4).
The manager of PT Merlimba Sentra Agrotama, Hadi Hidayat, said that for one polybag of orchids can be sold between IDR100 and 180 thousand, depending on the number of flowers and their size, most of them are red and white orchids.
"In essence, the business interest of ornamental plants is currently growing in Indonesia, local market demand is also high and brings many benefits," said Suwandi.