Tuesday, 20 February 2018 | 18:11 WIB

Non-Communicable Diseases Dominate Causes of Death

Cancer becomes one of death causes to date.

SAMPIT, NETRALNEWS.COM - Ministry of Health invites the public to maintain health by doing prevention of diseases including non-communicable diseases (NCD) that now dominate the causes of death.

"Now the trend is changing and in fact non-communicable diseases cause the most death," said Director of Environmental Health of the Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health at Ministry of Health Imran Agus Nurali in Sampit, Saturday (8/12/2017).

In the last 30 years, there has been a change in the pattern of illnesses related to human behavior. In 1990, the greatest causes of illness and death were infectious diseases, i.e., upper respiratory tract infections--tuberculosis and diarrhea.

But since 2010, the biggest cause of morbidity and death is non-communicable diseases, i.e., high blood pressure, stroke, cancer and diabetes.

Based on the data, there are about 30 percent of residents who complain of illness. Of this amount, about 58 percent treat the illness by accessing health facilities, such as hospitals, public health centers (Puskesmas) and others, whereas 42 percent of others buy drugs at stores.

By 2015, there were 10 major causes of death, i.e., strokes, traffic accidents, ischemic heart disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, upper respiratory tract infections, depression, asphyxia and birth trauma as well as chronic obstructive lung disease.

From the data the dominance of NCD such as stroke, ischemic heart, cancer and diabetes mellitus was visible.

Changes in this phenomenon occur as a result of ignoring healthy lifestyles.

Healthy society movement should be encouraged to increase public awareness to conduct a healthy lifestyle. Prevention is much better than doing treatment. (*)