Friday, 22 March 2019 | 01:20 WIB

Hypertension is Main Cause of Kidney Failure Cases in Indonesia

Hypertension is Main Cause of Kidney Failure Cases in Indonesia (hellosehat)

JAKARTA, NNC - The Chairperson of the PB Indonesian Nephrology Association (PB PERNEFRI) Dr. Aida Lydia, PhD, SpPD-KGH said that hypertension is the highest cause of kidney failure in Indonesia.

This statement is supported by Indonesian Renal Registry (IRR) 2017 data. According to IRR 2017, after hypertension, the cause of other kidney failure is diabetes, followed by Glomerulonephritis or inflammation of the kidneys.

"Hypertension can damage the kidneys by having an impact on damage to the renal arteries or nephrons. This condition results in damage to kidney filtration and results in impaired kidney function," said Dr. Aida in the atmosphere of World Kidney Day Commemoration, which is commemorated every mid-March, recently in Jakarta.

Dr. Aida explained, there are several classifications of blood pressure from normal to hypertension. Normal blood pressure: systolic 120-129, with diastolic 80-84; blood pressure above normal, namely: systolic 130-139, with diastolic 85-89; grade 1 hypertension: systolic 140-159, with diastolic 90-99; grade 2 hypertension namely: systolic 160-179, with diastolic 100-109, until hypertension grade 3 namely: systolic above 180 with diastolic above 110.

"Hypertension and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney failure in Indonesia. The incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) also increases with the burden of morbidity, mortality and the economy is not small, so early detection is very important for those with risk factors," explained Dr. Aida.

Factors that can be controlled are diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, obesity, stress and control of diabetes and hypertension. While the factors that cannot be controlled are age and genetic factors.

For people with hypertension, they are advised to control blood pressure, as an effort to avoid the risk of kidney disease. Actions that can be done is to reduce salt intake and body fat to avoid high blood pressure which speeds up kidney damage.

To note, the kidney is one of the most important organs in the body. The function of the kidneys removes excess water and toxins, regulates blood pressure, helps the production of red blood cells and keeps bones strong.