LONDON, NNC - Almost every country in the world has a major nutritional problem, either its population being overweight due to overeating or malnutrition due to lack of food, says a study some time ago.
Researchers behind the World Nutrition Report, which examines 140 countries, say that the issue stifles human development as a whole and calls for sharp change in response to the health threats of the universe.
The finding says that malnutrition has fallen globally, but is not fast enough to meet the internationally agreed Development Goals (SDGs) to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030.
More than 155 million children under the age of five are malnourished ,and 52 million people are "wasted", meaning they do not have enough weight to match their height.
At the other end of the spectrum, eating too much is experienced by many people of all ages around the world. The report found that as many as two billion, out of seven billion people in the world today, are overweight or obese.
In North America, one-third of all men and women are obese.
While around the world, at least 41 million children underweight are overweight, and in Africa alone, about 10 million children are now overweight.
"Historically, maternal anemia and childhood malnutrition have been seen as a separate issue for obesity and non-communicable diseases," said Jessica Fanzo, a professor at Johns Hopkins University in the United States who co-leads the Global Nutrition Report, as quoted by Antara.
"The reality is that their relationship is intense and driven by inequality everywhere in the world.That's why the government needs to address them holistically, not as a different matter," he said.
The World Nutrition Report is a yearly review, made independently of the world's nutritional status. The report tracks the progress of nutrition targets of mothers, infants, and children as well as chronic disease related diet, which is applied to member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO).