BANDUNG, NNC - The Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration through the Directorate General of Specific Regional Development (DG of PDTu) held a socialization of the construction of the 2019 disaster early warning system at GH Universal Hotel, West Java on Monday (1/28/2019).
In this socialization, the Ministry of Village presented at least 14 representatives of the District's Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD).
In addition, also present were representatives from the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), and the Directorate General of Village Community Development and Empowerment (DG of PPMD).
Director of Disaster-Prone Areas Management of the DG of PDTu of Village Ministry Hasman Ma'ani said the implementation of the Early Warning System (EWS) was escorted by one of the work units at the Directorate General of PDTu, namely the Directorate of Disaster-Prone Areas Management. For information, this EWS development device is available in 16 districts that have a high vulnerability to landslides and flood.
"We have provided a total of 19 units since 2016 to date, this year also we will continue the development by building EWS in five districts," explained Hasman.
EWS is a set of systems that are interconnected and have several sensors placed in key areas of landslides and floods.
The sensors will then provide information about the level of occurrence to the system that is connected wirelessly which then if it is at a level that threatens public safety will sound a warning siren. This system itself has a range of approximately 3 kilometers.
In line with Hasman, LIPI researcher Bambang Widyatmoko said in handling disasters, technology has an important role.
"Even though what remains more important is the participation of the community," he said.
Bambang pointed out an example from Japan as a model icon of other countries in handling disasters. According to him, Japan has started disaster education at an early age to improve preparedness in the face of disasters.
Bambang himself deemed the presence of EWS necessary as a warning to disasters marked by physical changes that are monitored and visible. Furthermore the advantages of EWS are to provide continuous observation, data can be stored and easily analyzed, more accurate and accurate observations, warnings can be given with certain criteria.
"Although there are some disadvantages such as high installation costs, sometimes damaged, and still depends on telecommunications signals," he concluded.