Agriculture Ministry Boosts Cardamon Production as Herbal Plant (deherba)
JAKARTA, NNC - Indonesia is known as a tropical country that has various types of plants that are hereditary used as medicine. One of the most widely grown medicinal plants is cardamom (amomum cardamomum).
Cardamom is known to contain active substances and essential oils, and has aphrodisiac properties. Benefits of cardamom include improving blood circulation, anti-oxidants, lowering cholesterol, as well as preventing cancer and thrush. Cardamom also helps reduce the risk of digestive ailments, drugs for impotence and antidepressants and aromatherapy.
Garut Regency is one of the areas that have cardamom cultivation cultivation. Deni Herdiana, Head of Horticulture Division, Agriculture Office of Garut Regency, said the condition of agro-climate and land in this regency has the potential to develop cardamom plants. Garut Regency is known as one of the Cardamom production centers.
"Garut Regency has signifcant potential for cardamom plant production. Agro-climate and land conditions in Garut district are very suitable for cardamom cultivation. Farmers' interest continues to grow to plant. Prihasto Setyanto, Director of Vegetables and Medicinal Plants at the Directorate General of Horticulture of the Indonesia Ministry of Agriculture, said the Ministry of Agriculture fully supports the development of cardamom, so that it not only spurs production to meet domestic needs, but is also targeted to be exported. This is important because it has an impact on improving the welfare of farmers and increasing foreign exchange.
"Domestic cardamom production is not only to meet its own needs, but also to meet export demand from Middle Eastern countries, Egypt and India," Prihasto said.
Cardamom production continues to increase by an average of 15.05%. In 2012 to 2017, production of Cardamom in a row rose from 42,973 tons, 54,171 tons, 72,851 tons, 93,121 tons, 86,144 tons and 90,787 tons. With export volume in 2012 to 2015 amounting to 7,961 tons, 6,697 tons, 7,737 tons and 6,245 tons.
"Cardamom is a group of ginger or zingiberaceae. This medicinal plant is quite easy in its maintenance but still requires good and true cultivation in order to obtain maximum results, "he added.
Uden and Saroh, a husband and wife farmer in Mekarsari Village, were very excited about planting cardamom because the cultivation was not difficult and did not require large capital. At present the price of dried cardamom is valued quite high, at around IDR83,000/kg. Prices are generally around IDR40,000-IDR60,000/kg.
According to Saroh, farmers in Garut usually plant cardamom under annual stands such as Albasia or bananas. A land area of 200 tons or 3000 m2 in one harvest can produce 50-75 kg of dry cardamom and be able to be harvested three times a year.
"In Garut it is common to plant cardamom under the stands of annual plants such as Albasia or bananas. If you diligently give urea and ZA fertilizer and clean land from weeds, cardamom plants will diligently bear fruit. Land that is planted around 200 tumbak or 3000 m2 once harvest can produce 50 to 75 kg of dried cardamom. This can be harvested three times a year, namely in September, January and May," Saroh said.
Meanwhile, Ilan, one of the major spice collectors in Garut admitted that he was happy with the development of cardamom in Garut City because in addition to being fast, cardamom was very profitable and easy to sell. In the harvest season the warehouse can absorb cardamom about 1 ton/day.
"In addition to the collectors, Cardamom is immediately absorbed by the herbal and medicinal industries in the country and exports to several countries, such as the Middle East, Egypt and India," he said.