JAKARTA, NETRALNEWS.COM - The collaboration between the Ministry of Agriculture and the Indonesian Military (TNI) to actualize food security began to show good results. This is reflected in the absence of rice fresh chili, onion and animal feed imports since last year.
"No import means we have self-sufficiency in the commodity, and for onion, we are now exporting," said Suwandi, acting Officer of Public Relations and Public Information Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture on Wednesday (9/13/2017).
According to him, the ability in self-sufficiency and exports is proof that Indonesia is able to realize the vision of world food center by 2045.
The next step is self-sufficiency in garlic and consumer sugar by 2019, soybeans by 2020, industrial sugar by 2024, and beef by 2026.
"We are already on the right path to our vision when Indonesia is a century old" he asserted.
Suwandi added that as the self-sufficiency, the welfare of farmers also increased as seen in indicators of poverty in rural areas fell 4.7 percent.
"Initially the poor population in villages in March 2015 reached 17.94 million people, and has dropped to 17.09 million people on March, 2017.
The next step is for the Ministry of Agriculture to continue to carry out the structural process that ensures the vision of world food center by 2045 is met. First, develop agro-based industrialization based on comparative advantage.
"Indonesia must be glorious again for coffee and spices. Integration of upstream-onfarm-downstream activities is built on an economies-wide region so as to generate added value and local income, "explained Suwandi.
Second, to strengthen the infrastructure so as to facilitate the flow of distribution from village to city, in the village built roads, irrigation/electricity, telecommunications, financial institutions, farming markets and others.
Third, industrialization in the countryside will absorb a lot of manpower, so need to increase the capacity of human resources to be professional and productive. Local personnel are trained to use machine tools, workshops, services and others according to competency standards.
Fourth, the limited number of farmers is overcome by mechanization. The Ministry of Agriculture provides 80,000-100,000 units of agricultural machine tools annually.
With mechanization such as tractors, water pomegranate, rice transplanter, combine harvester and Rice Milling Unit proven to reduce costs up to 40 percent, time, effort, and decrease shrinkage by 4-8 percent and improve quality.
"The mechanization technology is what makes the younger generation now interested to plunge into agriculture and rural areas, and the young generation also responded positively to the Ministry of Village-PDT program now," he concluded.